The NEP 2020 is the first new education policy to be introduced in India in the 21st century, the last having been implemented in 1986, 34 years ago. The NEP, thus, replaces the National Policy on Education, 1986, which was modified once in 1992. Before that, the first education policy was passed in 1968.
A new education policy was one of the Bharatiya Janata Party’s poll promises in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections.
Efforts for a new education policy have been underway since 2015, and in May 2016, the Committee for Evolution of the New Education Policy submitted its report, based on which the then MHRD prepared ‘Some Inputs for the Draft National Education Policy, 2016’.