India is one of the crucial seven nations pursuing the construction of the world's largest tokamak fusion device, a donut-shaped configuration designed to produce 500 MW of thermal fusion energy, an Indian official associated with the project said.
The upcoming International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER), the world's largest fusion reaction research facility here in southern France, aims to develop fusion technology to make commercially-viable fusion energy a reality by the second half of this century.
"The ITER is building the world's largest magnetic confinement plasma facility. The tokamak will be the largest fusion device in the world that is designed to produce 500 MW of fusion power from 50 MW of input heating power," ITER site construction Deputy Director Prabhat Kumar told IANS.
The tokamak, which weighs as much as three-and-a-half Eiffel towers, is where the reaction at temperatures hotter than the sun will take place.
This fusion technology provides an inexhaustible supply of power without any carbon emissions and little radioactive waste.
ITER members — India, Russia, the US, Japan, China and South Korea, as also the European Union — are the providing technical and scientific expertise for the fabrication.
India contributes through the Gujarat-based Institute for Plasma Research by manufacturing major components of the plasma chamber where the fusion r...